Section 13: Federal Government Spending and Employment

This section presents statistics concerning Federal government spending and employment. Specifically, these data address Federal spending on income maintenance; housing and food assistance; health care; education, training, and employment readiness; and other programs, all for people with disabilities. This section also focuses on the number of people with disabilities and people with targeted disabilities employed by the Executive Branch, including specific data on the employment of people with disabilities and people with targeted disabilities within the departments of the Executive Branch. The principal sources of this data are “Federal Expenditures on Working-age People with Disabilities” for Fiscal Year 2008, a document produced by the Center for Studying Disability Policy, a part of Mathematica Policy Research Inc., as well as the 2007 edition of the U.S. Office of Personnel Management’s Federal Civilian Workforce Statistics Factbook.


Table 13.1: Federal Government Spending and Employment—Federal Expenditures on Income Maintenance Programs
In the Federal Fiscal Year 2008, the Social Security Administration spent $136,917,000,000 on programs for working-age individuals with disabilities. That same year, $20,116,000,000 was spent on Veterans’ Programs. Table 13.1 also lists amounts spent on Means Tested Assistance Programs for individuals with disabilities and other Federal retirement and disability compensation programs for the most recent years available.


Table 13.2: Federal Government Spending and Employment—Federal Expenditures on Housing and Food Assistance
In the federal fiscal year 2008, the federal government spent $7,821,000,000 on food assistance programs for working-age individuals with disabilities. Table 13.2 also lists amounts spent on housing assistance programs for individuals with disabilities for the most recent years available.


Table 13.3: Federal Government Spending and Employment—Federal Expenditures on Health Care Programs
In the federal fiscal year 2008, the federal government spent $13,797,000,000 on veterans' programs. In the federal fiscal year 2007, the federal government spent $1,051,000,000 on workers' compensation medical costs. Table 13.3 also lists amounts spent on technology programs, protection and advocacy, and other programs for individuals with disabilities for the most recent years available.


Table 13.4: Federal Government Spending and Employment—Federal Expenditures on Education, Training, and Employment Readiness
This table lists amounts spent on vocational rehabilitation, education, and other employment related programs for individuals with disabilities for the most recent years available.


Table 13.5: Federal Government Spending and Employment—Federal Expenditures on Other Services
In the federal fiscal year 2008, the federal government spent $215,000,000 on transportation services and $176,000,000 on demonstrations/systems change for people with disabilities. In the federal fiscal year 2007, the federal government spent $367,000,000 on a Social Services Block Grant for people with disabilities. Table 13.5 also lists amounts spent on Medicare and Medicaid programs and for other federal health care programs for individuals with disabilities for the most recent years available.


Table 13.6: Federal Government Spending and Employment—Federal Employment of People with Disabilities (PWD) and People with Targeted Disabilities (PWTD)
As of September 30, 2006, the executive branch of the federal government employed a total of 123,484 people with disabilities (6.8 percent of total employees) and 17,711 people with targeted disabilities (1.0 percent of total employees). The Department of Veterans Affairs had the largest percentage of their employees with disabilities (9.4 percent), while the Department of Justice had the smallest percent of their employees with disabilities (3.5 percent). The Department of the Treasury had the largest percentage of their employees with targeted disabilities (1.8 percent), while the Department of Homeland Security had the smallest percentage of employees with targeted disabilities (0.4 percent).

 


2012 Disability Compendium

Funding for this project
is made possible by:

The Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics (StatsRRTC), which is funded by the U.S. Department of Education, National Institute for Disability and Rehabilitation Research, under cooperative agreements H133B080012.

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